The Executive Committee of the MLF at Its 40th meeting held In November/December, 2003 approved the CTC National Phase out Plan at a total funding level of US $52 million to phaseout 11553 ODP tonne of CTC production and 11505 ODP tonne of CTC consumption by 31st December 2009. This includes US $10 million under the bilateral assistance program with the Governments of Germany, France and Japan contributing US $2 million, US $3 million and US $5 million respectively.
Out of the total funds, US $28.5 million was allocated for CTC production phase-out, US $21.5 million for CTC consumption phase-out and US $2 million were made available for technical assistance component. The World Bank is the lead Implementing Agency, the Governments of Germany, France and Japan and UNIDO were cooperating agencies for Implementation of the National CTC consumption phase-out activities. Besides, UNDP on behalf of Government of Japan is responsible for executing conversion activities in large and medium metal cleaning sub-sectors.
Production Sector: The CTC producing enterprises namely M/s. SRF Limited, New Delhi, M/s. Chemplast Sanmar Limited, Chennai, M/s. Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited, Vadodara have signed the performance agreement and submitted an Indemnity bond for meeting the production phase-out targets. M/s. Shriram Rayons Limited, Rajasthan, M/s. NRC Limited, Mumbai, have already closed down their production facilities.
Consumption Sector: CTC was used as feedstock primarily in the production of CFCs and DV Acid chloride. CTC was also used in India as a process agent and a solvent. For process agents, CTC was used in sectors such as chlorinated rubber, chlorinated paraffin, pharmaceutical, and agro-industries. CTC was used as a solvent in the textile, garment industries, metal cleaning etc.
In 2006, a total of 103 CTC projects covering both process and solvent applications were identified and were placed under the responsibility of the agencies. Most of these projects have been completed that have resulted in phasing out of 2,080 ODP tonne of CTC. With respect to the four solvent projects under UNDP equipment have already been provided to the enterprises.The consumption of CTC has already been phased out completely in these plants since 1st January 2010 as per the Montreal Protocol schedule.
Ozone Cell also identified through a survey 44 eligible SMEs using CTC in metal cleaning. These enterprises have already provided funding by UNDP as Implementing Agency with the approval of the Ozone Cell for phasing out of CTC in their works.
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During 2009, technical assistance was provided to replace CTC used in stain removal work for small garment manufacturers and metal cleaning. The fast reduction in the supply of CTC had increased the CTC price significantly in the country and enabled many SMEs to move away from CTC. GIZ has done extensive work in testing alternatives that meet health, safety and environment standards. The achievement of the CTC phase-out in these two widely dispersed industry sectors that is garment and metal cleaning has also been realized through awareness programmes and Government of India policy measures, especially those which influenced the availability and pricing of CTC and its alternatives. The production and consumption of CTC has been completely phased-out as of 1st January, 2010.
In 2011, the Ozone Cell, MOEF continued to implement a number of policies related to activities in the CTC sector plan, to sustain the phase-out of CTC in all applications except in feedstock use.
Of the total approved funding of US $52 million, approximately US $48.7 million had been disbursed to the Producers as of 31st December 2009.